Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience (KISN)
Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience (KISN) is a leading research centre investigating the emergence of space, time and memory in the brain.
Organization of the Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience
The research centre is since 1996 led by Scientific Directors, Professors and Nobel Laureates May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser, and since 2018 Managing Director Doctor Kay Gastinger.
The institute is a Kavli Foundation Institute since 2007, a Centre of Excellence (CoE) since 2002, and a department at the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, at Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) since 2017.
Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience (KISN) consists of the centres Centre for Neural Computation (CNC) and Egil and Pauline Braathen and Fred Kavli Centre for Cortical Microcircuits (BKC).
The staff is organized into eight work units: seven research labs with associated team of scientists, students and technicians under the leadership of eight principal investigators, as well as one support group of administration and technical staff.
The department is responsible for an international Master of Science in Neuroscience programme and is connected to the Ph.D. programme in Medicine.
The Institute's research focus
The normal human brain is made up of about 100 billion nerve cells (neurons). Each nerve cell can have an average of approximately 10-20,000 points of contact with other nerve cells. These contact points are called synapses, which is where the storage of memories takes place.
Researchers at the Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience explore the brain's functioning by detecting and analysing the electrical signals in the brain, primarily in the regions of the brain called the entorhinal cortex and hippocampus. The hippocamus is an older part of the cerebral cortex and has a central role in the functioning of human and animal memory, while the entorhinal cortex contains grid cells, border cells, direction cells, and speed cells that together give the brain the ability to make highly advanced maps.
Since the centre’s inception, Kavli researchers have used laboratory rats as study animals. In the experiments, rats run around in boxes and corridors chasing treats. Simultaneously, very thin electrodes inserted into their brains enable researchers to detect their brain activity. The electrodes, placed in the space between the brain cells, are so sensitive that they distinguish signals from individual neurons in the network. Today KISN research groups study higher brain functions in rats, mice, zebrafish and humans using experimental and theoretical approaches.
Space and memory
Transgenic investigation of neural circuits
SPINOr: Stat.Phys. of Inference and Network Organizaton
To understand the emergence of higher brain functions
Scientific Advisory Board
Stanford University, USA
Max Planch Institute for Brain Research, Germany
Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research, Switzerland
Columbia University, USA
New York University, USA
Board of Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience
Dean at Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, NTNU
Jan Morten Dyrstad
Associate Professor, Department of Economics, NTNU
Board of Centre for Neural Computation
Dean, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, NTNU
Tore O. Sandvik
County Council Chair
Pro-Rector for Education, NTNU
Board of Braathen & Kavli Centre for Cortical Microcircuits